"To some observers, these heavy-handed operations appeared to be ruthlessly effective. Unlike most of its neighbors, Bangladesh has avoided large-scale extremist violence over the past four years. Yet beneath the surface, a different picture emerges. Online radicalization is widespread and increasingly normalized. A network of violent Islamist extremist groups are spreading hate speech and misinformation across the social media ecosystem. Bangladeshi police say that more than 80 percent of the people arrested for terrorism in recent years were radicalized online and almost 60 percent were university-educated."