This is a compilation of posts on the Iran Protests, with specific reference to internet issues and social media:

Al Jazeera, Iran top judge orders harsh sentences for ‘main riot elements’

“Iran’s judiciary chief has ordered judges to issue harsh sentences for the “main elements of riots” as protests continue over the death of Mahsa Amini, a young woman who died in custody nearly a month ago …”

Sky News, Senior Iran official first to publicly criticise regime’s hijab crackdown

“Ali Larijani, an adviser to Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, and a former parliamentary speaker, is the first senior political figure to publicly call for a rethink on the government’s crackdown on women and girls who do not adhere to the Islamic dress code.”

Illustrator Akram Esmaili, “For Sanandaj” #IranProtest— Assal Rad (@AssalRad) October 11, 2022

Kunwar Khuldune Shahid, Daily Dot, Inside Iran, protesters remain unfazed by the regime’s high-tech crackdown ““The government turns the internet on for a few hours, but the connectivity is inconsistent, even mobile networks are shut off. My (social media) profiles go offline (due to lack of internet connectivity). Even the VPN (Virtual Private Network) I bought the subscription for, doesn’t always work,” she told the Daily Dot. Iravani, who runs a small Instagram business from her hometown, revealed that many like her are doing their best to circumvent the shutdowns, needing to merge their professional and activist lives.”

RSF, How the Islamic Republic has enslaved Iran’s Internet “Iranian journalists have helped Reporters Without Borders (RSF) to shed light on the workings of the Internet censorship machine built by the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arbitrary Internet outages, disabled VPN servers… RSF denounces a system of network enslavement made to reduce access to information to almost nothing.”

I continue to update on social media responses to Mahsa Amini’s murder and its aftermath. Information below is up to 9 October. There are separate links using the “Iran Protests 2022” category in this blog for further updates.:

Maziar Motamedi, Al Jazeera, ‘Anonymous’ hacks Iran state websites after Mahsa Amini’s death

“The two main websites of the Iranian government and several media websites have been targeted by hackers claiming to be from Anonymous.”

Sky News, Mahsa Amini: People killed in protests over death of woman ‘arrested for breaking Iranian hijab rules‘ “Mahsa Amini, 22, fell into a coma and died after she was arrested in the Iranian capital of Tehran on Friday. Police say she had a heart attack – but her father has insisted she had no health problems. Now protests over her death have spread to multiple cities.” This has been capturing substantial online attention.

Please like, share, copy whatever you want. Just spread this message. #MahsaAmini #Mahsa_Amini #مهسا_امینی— TJTOMBOY (@tj_tomboy) September 20, 2022

#مهسا_امینی Please be our voice! #Mahsa_Amini,the twenty two yo who was arrested and beaten by the”Islamic Moral Security Gestapo”of Iran’s Islamic Republic,passed away a few hours ago
She was arrested for”improper hijab!”
#IranianLivesMatter— zhian (@Algossss1) September 20, 2022

Senior Correspondent for Iran: “It is hard to find an Iranian woman that hasn’t been warned, fined or detained for how they look in public.”@ShelaghFogarty— LBC (@LBC) September 20, 2022

This is Iran today. A woman proudly burning the most visible symbol of religious dictatorship; compulsory hijab.
Hijab police killed #MahsaAmini but now there are millions of Mahsa in Iran who are shouting NO to Forced hijab NO to gender apartheid regime.#مهساامینی— Masih Alinejad 🏳️ (@AlinejadMasih) September 19, 2022

Mahsa Amini has died after being tortured into a coma by Iranian authorities.

Her mother said, “Let the world know they killed my daughter.”

Authoritarian leaders hope people get distracted and move on.

So let’s continue to share her name and her story. #مهسا
امینی— Leah Remini (@LeahRemini) September 16, 2022

Please take a minute to watch brave Iranian women stand up to their authoritarian, theocratic government.

Iranian women have had enough of the control and abuse and there are many Iranian men who are standing with them. @AlinejadMasih— Yashar Ali 🐘 یاشار (@yashar) September 20, 2022

#BREAKING The Anonymous hacktivist group has, in a cyberattack, taken down the official website of the Iranian government (— Iran International English (@IranIntl_En) September 20, 2022

The next day, it remained offline.

Gulf News, Internet may be disrupted in Iran for security reasons, minister says “Access to internet in Iran may be disrupted due to “security reasons”, the minister of communications was quoted as saying on Wednesday by the semi-official ISNA news agency, amid widespread protests following the death of a young woman in police custody.”

Security forces entered into Sharif University of Technology and are shooting the students that are protesting against regime.

They have also blockaded all streets around university to arrest students.#MahsaAmini #SharifUniversity#OpIran #مهساامینی— ZiZi (@zizikhanoum) October 2, 2022

Nika Shakarami, a 17-year-old Iranian girl, joined #IranProtests on Sept 20. That was the last her family heard from her. 10 days later, authorities said her body was in Kahrizak prison. Today she was buried in secret & away from her family to prevent protests at her burial site.— Sina Toossi (@SinaToossi) October 3, 2022

Once in Iran I found myself interviewing people on “Death to America Street.” Now Iranians topple street signs about the Islamic Republic, and chant “Death to Khamenei,” the supreme leader.
The wheel turns, because brave Iranians are turning it. #MahsaAmini #مهسا
امینی— Nicholas Kristof (@NickKristof) October 2, 2022

The Anonymous hacktivist group says it has hacked the National Bank of Iran (Bank Melli) as part of its #OpIran against the Iranian government.#IranProtests2022— Iran International English (@IranIntl_En) September 26, 2022

Iran pop singer silenced, but his song remains a protest anthem via @FRANCE24— Gary Bunt (@garybunt) October 5, 2022
AL Jazeera, ‘Not afraid anymore’: Iran protests enter fourth week
Guardian, Why Iran’s female-led revolt fills me with hope Kamin Mohammadi’s analysis/opinion

Many see this as a sign of fear… #Iran’s Judiciary head: If political factions, groups or people have any question, criticism or protest, I’m ready to talk to them.. we accept criticism & protest, and if we have to correct a mistake, we will surely do so. #MahsaAmini— Rana Rahimpour (@ranarahimpour) October 10, 2022

A potentially significant strike is brewing among oil workers in Iran. Workers walked off the job today in Asaluyeh, a port on the Persian Gulf and the site of the world’s largest natural gas field. The strike is in support of protests for Mahsa— Séamus Malekafzali (@Seamus_Malek) October 10, 2022

I’m running out of words to describe my astonishment. Just over 3 weeks after #MahsaAmini’s death, women are defiantly walking on the streets of #Tehran, with no hijab…while cars are honking in their supports. Mahsa couldn’t have imagined how she changed life for many Iranians.— Rana Rahimpour (@ranarahimpour) October 9, 2022

CBS News, Iran protesters shot by police so afraid to go to hospitals they’re asking U.S. doctors for help online

CTI, Iran Crisis Update, October 10

BBC News, Nika Shakarami: Videos show Iran teenager protesting before death “Videos posted online show an Iranian teenager protesting hours before her death, her mother has told BBC Persian.”

CBS News, Iran protesters shot by police so afraid to go to hospitals they’re asking U.S. doctors for help online

“The desperation of wounded protesters who want to avoid hospitals is clear, said Dr. Kayvan Mirhadi, an Iranian American and chief of internal medicine at the Clifton Springs Hospital in New York. Mirhadi said he receives around 500 Instagram messages daily from wounded protesters in Iran, begging him for medical advice.”

CTI, Iran Crisis Update, October 10

“The Iran Crisis Updates are produced by the Critical Threats Project (CTP) at the American Enterprise Institute with support from the Institute for the Study of War (ISW).”

BBC News, Nika Shakarami: Videos show Iran teenager protesting before death

“Videos posted online show an Iranian teenager protesting hours before her death, her mother has told BBC Persian.”

Advice is posted for VPN use in Iran.

رشته توییت(۱/۵) نحوه ساخت سرور #outline
در آمازون به زبان ساده برای ایرانیان خارج از کشور.
لطفا ریتویت کنید که به دست تعداد بیشتری برسه#OutlineVPN #Oplran#مهسا_امینی #MahsaAmini— Homan Mousavi (@HomanMousavi) October 9, 2022

Sky News, Beth Rigby Interviews … Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe This is an insightful interview, with some reference to social media impact.

Iran International News, Hacktivist Group Disrupts State TV News With Antigovernment Message “Hacktivist group Edalat-e Ali (Ali’s Justice) hacked the Iranian state TV’s live news broadcast, displaying a photo of Ali Khamenei with the verse “The Blood of Our Youths Is on Your Hands” along with photos of Mahsa Amini and three teenage girls killed in the current uprising across the country.”

Ryan Browne, Natasha Turak, CNBC, Hacktivists seek to aid Iran protests with cyberattacks and tips on how to bypass internet censorship, 5 Oct 2022 “On the messaging app Telegram, a group with 5,000 members shares details about open VPN servers to help citizens to bypass Tehran’s internet blockade, according to cybersecurity firm Check Point, which has been documenting hacktivists’ efforts in Iran.”


Digitally distracted professor. Researcher/author on Islam, Muslims and the internet. Emoji-free zone. Reposting does not imply endorsement, etc. #HashtagIslam #Islam