Analysis/opinion. There are some social media elements to this discussion too:

Kourosh Ziabari, New Lines Magazine, Iran’s Hijab-Industrial Complex, 19 July 2023 “Iran Open Data, a data transparency and fact-checking project, has released a conservative estimate suggesting that, on average, a total of 89 trillion rials, equivalent to $178 million, is shelled out by the Islamic Republic on hijab publicity and enforcement per year.”

Iran Open Data


Digitally distracted professor. Researcher/author on Islam, Muslims and the internet. Emoji-free zone. Reposting does not imply endorsement, etc. #HashtagIslam #Islam